The purpose of this post is foremost informative where in second scale aims to create critical thoughts about the extinction of the species of careta careta as well as to encourage active response not only to this specific species’ threat of extinction but also to similar threats to other species. Especially when most of the responsibility holds to our hands; the hands of human species, it is more than our duty to at least be aware of the situation.
It is, I believe, clear that my topic will regard the species of careta careta and its threats of extinction. However, my goal will be to provide my readers with a wider knowledge (and hopefully more preserving) on threatened species as well as to create a sense of consciousness of this environmental emergency.
In addition, I will try to relate my topic to as much of the material covered in class as possible. Apart from its informational character, my summary will concern terms as : “Abudance” and “Distribution” as well as some additional characteristics of the species of careta careta. More specifically I will relate my chosen article to terms such as “density”, “location” and “shape” of distribution.
Apart from my self-interest in this topic I strongly believe that it is a topic of general environmental importance and that people’s ignorance on such emerged issues is at least unacceptable. Hopefully after reading this post my readers will share part of my perception on the importance of this matter, will gain some knowledge on this particular environmental situation and become more sensitive on the careta careta and other species’ threat of extinction. If people manage to promote not only environmental awareness but most importantly environmental consciousness, we will have a great chance to help the environment as a whole and its ecosystems.
The Careta-careta is one of the seven species of sea turtles in the entire world! Interestingly, although it is considered as a mainly aquatic species, it has lungs and therefore it has to regularly swim upwards and raise its head above the surface of the sea to breathe in. This sea-turtle visits very regularly the shores of beaches simply because its whole reproduction process ends up outside the sea environment.
Although the reproduction of the careta careta starts within the sea, the mother turtle has to find a preferable sandy shore to dig a burrow and there to lay off its eggs. Two months after the laying of the eggs, approximately a 70% of the eggs will hatch and lead its way towards the sea by pursuing the sunlight. This process takes place usually during the very early hours of sunlight. The careta careta turtle has been recorded in the National Red Book as an endangered species and WWF is an organization that has taken over its protection.
Zakynthos, an island very close to Corfu (where I was born), accommodates some of the most important beaches were the reproduction of Careta careta is carefully watched and protected by experts.
The main source that threatens this species is the human factor. Aquatic pollution, extensive fishing, waste exposal and shores’ violation are some of the most important reasons that have led this species to be threatened of extinction. Although this turtle is capable of living up to 80 years, all of the factors mentioned above have managed to turn this into an endangered species; and most importantly, all of these factors are product of human violations.
This is a summary from an untitled article on the Careta careta turtle found in the official site of WWF (http://www.wwf.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=66&Itemid=85). This is a credible source mainly and most significantly because it was found in an organization site; in particular of the organization of WWF. WWF is a global net of individuals, scientists, volunteers and citizens activated in more than 100 countries. This organization deals with several environmental issues that take place globally under the mission of actively provide scientifically reliable aid to environmental challenges. The organization has a team of 5,000,000 supporters who directly or indirectly contribute to the protection of biodiversity, the promotion of renewable natural resources as well as to the reduction of pollution and mindless consumption.
WWF Official Site. Organization. http://www.wwf.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=66&Itemid=85
Zakynthos Picture. http://i1.trekearth.com/photos/47123/zakynthos_416_trek.jpg